Saudi Prince, Faisal bin Farhan Al Saud is anticipated to be in New Delhi this weekend as a part of his first go to to India as international minister the place talks will principally deal with the evolving scenario in Afghanistan
Saudi Arabia international minister Prince Faisal bin Farhan Al Saud is anticipated to go to India this weekend to debate the unfolding scenario in Afghanistan and the Taliban’s takeover of the nation.
Prince Faisal, scheduled to land in India on 19 September, is anticipated to carry conferences with Exterior Affairs Minister Dr S Jaishankar, Nationwide Safety Advisor (NSA) Ajit Doval and in addition Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
This meet comes after Prime Minister Narendra Modi mentioned the Afghanistan scenario with UAE crown prince Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan on 3 September over the phone, Exterior Affairs Minister S Jaishankar hosted Dr Anwar Gargash, diplomatic advisor to UAE president, on 30 August and exchanged notes on the Kabul disaster.
Qatar, Turkey’s and Pakistan’s proximity to Taliban
India’s allies in West Asia, Saudi Arabia and the UAE, are nervous in regards to the safety ramifications of a Taliban-led Afghanistan and the ties shared by the Taliban and international terrorist networks.
The 2 nations are additionally stated to have been perturbed by the lively function performed by Qatar, Turkey and Pakistan in partaking with the Taliban regime.
Qatar has turned out to be a trusted mediator on this battle.
Doha has change into a key dealer in Afghanistan following final month’s withdrawal of US forces, serving to evacuate hundreds of foreigners and Afghans, partaking the brand new Taliban rulers and supporting operations at Kabul airport.
Because the US pullout, Qatar Airways planes have made a number of journeys to Kabul, flying in help and Doha’s representatives and ferrying out international passport holders.
In the meantime, Turkey, which has robust historic and ethnic ties in Afghanistan, has been on the bottom with non-combat troops as the one Muslim-majority member of the NATO alliance there.
In line with analysts, it has developed shut intelligence ties with some Taliban-linked militia. Turkey can be an ally of neighbouring Pakistan, from whose non secular seminaries the Taliban first emerged.
Final week, it was reported that Turkish officers held talks with the Taliban lasting over three hours. A few of the discussions have been in regards to the future operation of the airport itself, which Turkish troops have guarded for six years.
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has additionally acknowledged: “Turkey is ready to lend all kinds of support for Afghanistan’s unity but will follow a very cautious path.”
Professor Ahmet Kasim Han, an skilled on Afghan relations at Istanbul’s Altinbas College, whereas talking to BBC stated that he believes coping with the Taliban will present President Erdogan with a chance.
He says Turkey could attempt to place itself as “guarantor, mediator, facilitator”, as a extra trusted middleman than Russia or China, who’ve saved their embassies open in Kabul.
“Turkey can serve that role,” he says.
In line with specialists, the Taliban takeover in Afghanistan has delivered a strategic victory to Pakistan, establishing a pleasant authorities in Kabul for the primary time in almost 20 years.
Pakistan has backed the Taliban from their earliest days. Islamabad was considered one of solely three nations to recognise the Taliban authorities within the Nineteen Nineties and the final to interrupt formal ties with it in 2001.
It additionally offered secure havens to Taliban leaders and medical services for wounded fighters. This help helped maintain the Taliban, at the same time as they misplaced hundreds of foot troopers.
Pakistan final week despatched provides resembling cooking oil and medication to authorities in Kabul, whereas the nation’s foreign minister called on the international community to provide assistance without conditions and to unfreeze Afghanistan’s property.
Moreover, a Pakistan International Airlines plane from Islamabad flew to Kabul on Monday, making it the primary flight to land in Afghanistan from neighbouring Pakistan for the reason that chaotic closing withdrawal of US troops final month.
Previously, they labored collectively. However right this moment, Saudi Arabia and the Taliban are separated by political and cultural variations, in addition to some problematic historical past.
The final time the Taliban ran Afghanistan, between 1996 and 2001, Saudi Arabia was considered one of solely three nations on the earth to formally recognise the Islamist group’s authorities. Neighbouring Pakistan and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) have been the opposite two.
The scenario modified dramatically for Saudi Arabia and the UAE after Al-Qaeda, the Sunni Muslim terrorist group, carried out suicide assaults within the US on 11 September, 2001, ensuing within the deaths of over 3,000 individuals.
This was as a result of Saudi Arabia had a diplomatic relationship with the US since 1940 and the American have been the Kingdom’s strongest allies in commerce and safety.
Specialists observe that Saudi Arabia’s once-close ties won’t be revived any time quickly.
The Saudi-US alliance stays necessary, and the nation’s ongoing cultural adjustments additionally play a component on this.
Saudi’s controversial crown prince, Mohammed bin Salman, is trying to modernise his country and the concept of a extra liberal and open Saudi Arabia does not sit properly with lending help to Islamist extremists in different nations.
Furthermore, Kabir Taneja, a fellow on the India-based assume tank Observer Analysis Basis, wrote, “To maintain its image as an upcoming investment mecca, Riyadh will have to make sure it does not once again become home to mass migration of fighters flying in and out of the Afghanistan … or become a hub of funding enabling extremist activities.”
The place does India are available in?
India’s policymakers should look to Saudi Arabia to increase cooperation in anti-terrorism actions and increase dialogue on relations between the 2, which is able to assist defend the India’s pursuits associated to Afghanistan.
Saudi Arabia additionally believes that nearer ties to India will assist re-balance the geopolitics of the area, whereas India believes a superb relationship with Saudi will give it an opportunity to counter a hostile China-Pakistan axis gaining strategic depth throughout the Khyber.
Inputs from companies
The Insidexpress is now on Telegram and Google News. Join us on Telegram and Google News, and stay updated.