The Duke of Hamilton carries The Crown of Scotland (Picture: Getty)
King Charles III will be presented with Scotland’s crown jewels during a special ceremony in Edinburgh marking his coronation later today.
Charles will receive a crown, a sceptre and a sword made of gold, silver and gems – known collectively as the Honours of Scotland – during a service of thanksgiving and dedication at St Giles’ Cathedral on Wednesday.
More than 700 members of the Armed Forces will take part in a procession along the Royal Mile ahead of the ceremony drawn from the Royal Navy, the British Army and the Royal Air Force.
The procession will be led by Shetland pony Corporal Cruachan IV, the mascot of The Royal Regiment of Scotland, alongside personnel from The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards and the Army Cadet Force.
The ceremony itself will feature personnel from across the Household Cavalry Mounted Regiment, The Royal Regiment of Scotland (SCOTS), and Scottish and North Irish Yeomanry.
Musicians from across the Armed Forces will also take part in the event and will include personnel from Royal Marines Band Scotland, Band SCOTS and Pipes and Drums from the Army and RAF.
King Charles III during a tour of the Royal Yacht Britannia, to mark 25 years since her arrival in Edinburgh, as part of the first Holyrood Week since his coronation (Picture: Getty)
A tri-service Guard of Honour will receive the Prince and Princess of Wales, known as the Duke and Duchess of Rothesay in Scotland, at the Palace of Holyroodhouse ahead of the service.
Following the ceremony, the King and Queen will be received by another a Guard of Honour before 12 Regiment Royal Artillery fire a 21-gun salute at Edinburgh Castle.
The RAF Red Arrows will also fly over the Royal Mile past the Palace of Holyroodhouse and Edinburgh Castle later in the day subject to weather.
The Crown of Scotland is displayed in the Debating Chamber during the opening of the sixth session of the Scottish Parliament in Edinburgh (Picture: AFP via Getty)
Charles with designer Mark Dennis (left) and the new Elizabeth Sword at the Palace of Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh (Picture: PA)
The presentation of the Honours of Scotland marks the dedication of the King and Queen in Scotland and has origins dating back to the 1800s, when they were presented to King George IV.
Their centrepiece is the Crown of Scotland, crafted of gold and silver and laden with 94 pearls and 43 gemstones including diamonds, garnets and amethysts.
James V had the Crown made in 1540, likely in part from the earlier Scottish Crown which had been damaged, and first wore it at the coronation of Mary of Guise that same year.
The Sceptre is thought to have been a gift to James IV from Pope Alexander VI in 1494.
The ceremonial staff is an example of High Renaissance Italian craftsmanship, with the finial formed from a globe of polished rock crystal and held up by stylised dolphins and three figures depicting St Andrew, St James and the Virgin Mary.
The Sword of State was gifted to James IV by Pope Julius II in 1507 and represents an exceptionally high quality of decoration.
The new Elizabeth Sword at the Palace of Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh (Picture: PA)
The King and Queen and the Princess Royal (behind), pause on the steps for the National Anthem, as they host guests for a Garden Party at the Palace of Holyroodhouse (Picture: Getty)
The sword named after Queen Elizabeth II will form part of the Honours of Scotland (Picture: PA)
The arms of Pope Julius were used as the theme for the Sword handle design, with oak trees and acorns symbolising the risen Christ and dolphins signifying Christ’s Church.
The Honours of Scotland have had a turbulent history. Edward I had removed the former Honours of Scotland along with the Stone of Destiny in 1296, with only the Stone surviving. The Honours seen today were pursued by Cromwellian forces, who destroyed the English Crown Jewels.
In 1650 they were removed for safekeeping ahead of Oliver Cromwell’s siege of Edinburgh Castle.
Unable to be returned to Edinburgh Castle following the Scottish coronation of King Charles II in 1651, the Honours were taken to Dunnottar Castle before being smuggled out during a siege and hidden at Kinneff Kirk.
Only with the restoration of King Charles II to the throne could they return to Edinburgh Castle and be used for ceremonial openings of Parliament until 1707.
With the Parliamentary Union of 1707, the Honours were locked away in the Crown Room at the Castle, as they were no longer needed for ceremonial events.
They remained there until 1818 when Sir Walter Scott and others, with a royal warrant from the Prince Regent (who would become George IV), broke into the Crown Room, opened the Crown Chest and there rediscovered the Honours.
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