Summary List Placement
Population Day on July 11, India proposed a series of fresh
population control measures reminiscent of China’s two-child
While the country has not yet adopted China’s now-overturned
policy of fining
couples for having more than two children, these statewide
proposals are an attempt to control its fast-increasing
population numbers. India is currently expected to overtake China
as the world’s most populous country by 2027, per a
2019 UN report.
UNICEF estimates that around 25 million children are born
every year in India, accounting for a fifth of the world’s annual
And much of this booming population growth is happening in Uttar
Pradesh, which — if it were considered a country — would be
the world’s fifth-largest nation, just
behind the US and Indonesia.
Uttar Pradesh’s proposed new approach to managing its population
will span the next decade. Titled the
“New Population Policy,” the proposed
measures would reward those who stick to having two kids, and
punish those who have more than two.
Most drastically, Uttar Pradesh’s
draft bill on population management states that couples with
two children who opt for voluntary sterilization would get
incentives. If one member of the couple goes under the knife for
voluntary sterilization, the family could get a range of benefits
including tax rebates, subsidies for home purchases, and
receiving cash back on their power and utility bills.
At the same time, the proposed Uttar Pradesh policy regulations
would bar those who have more than two children from receiving
any government subsidies, applying for jobs in the local
government, and running for political office in local elections,
Times of India.
“Increasing population is the root of major problems including
inequality prevailing in the society. Population control is the
primary condition for the establishment of an advanced society,”
wrote Uttar Pradesh chief minister Yogi Adityanath on
Twitter on July 11.
“Let us on World Population Day take a pledge to make ourselves
and the society aware of the problems arising from the increasing
population,” he added.
The draft bill on population control in Uttar Pradesh is
currently open for public consultation
until July 19. From there, the bill will be
moved to the Uttar Pradesh legislative assembly to be read and
debated before it can be written into law.
where 36 million people live, the state’s chief minister Himanta
announced on Sunday that a “population stabilization” roadmap
will be developed by the state government. Sarma
earlier hinted on June 18 that he would introduce plans to
make having two children the norm, by withholding subsidies and
other benefits to those who choose to have more than two kids.
Assam in 2016 recorded a fertility rate of 2.3 children per
statistics from the Indian government.
“Population explosion in some parts of Assam has posed a real
threat to the development of the state,” Sarma said on Sunday to
India’s population control plans come just as China relaxes its
On May 31, China
announced a landmark policy shift to allow couples to have three
children in an attempt at
raising its flagging birth rate. The change comes five years
after the country’s 2016 decision to
scrap its one-child policy and raise the quota to
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